- Anthropologist - Indonesia Transmigration and Land Settlement Program, 1978-1982;
- Senior Operations Officer - Agriculture Division, East Asia and Pacific Region, 1984-1986;
- Senior Loan Officer - Indonesia Department, East Asia and Pacific Region, 1986-1987;
- Division Chief - Environment Division, Asia Technical Department, 1987-1993;
- Division Chief,- Social Policy and Resettlement Division, Environment Department, 1993-1997;
- Director,- Social Development Department, 1997-2000;
- Consultant,- various departments, 2000-2004.